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Name: Common Eland
Scientific Name: Taurotragus Oryx

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The Eland is a very large species of antelope that is found in the grasslands and woodlands of South Africa.

Along with Bushbuck, Kudu, and Nyala, Eland are one of the four spiral horned antelope species that inhabit South Africa and are the largest member of the group.

They have coats of smooth, tan fur. The coats on males are darker and tend to darken with age. Due to this, an old bull will usually have a dark grey or blue colored coat. Mature males, like the one in the photo below, also have very prominent dewlaps on their necks and a patch of fur on their foreheads.


Elands live in both steppe and sparse forests. They are also found in semidesert areas and at elevations up to 14400 ft. During the heat of the day, they are often found in shaded areas.


Confined to Africa from Ethiopia and southern Zaire to South Africa.


Eland are the largest species of antelope in the world. Big males can weight in excess of 2,000 pounds (which is more than most Cape Buffalo), and stand over 5 feet tall at the shoulder. Females are slightly smaller, but still weigh nearly 1,300 pounds. Horn length is approximately 33 inches.


15 to 20 years.

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